Major Inca Ruins



Inca Ruins Pisac:

Most people visit Pisac to see the market on Sunday, but there are smaller markets on both Tuesday and Thursday. However Pisac is a pretty village and has plenty of small handicraft shops and is worth a visit on any day of the week. There is no public transport up to the ruins.

The town of Písac and the ruins of Písac are 2 different places, but quite close to each other. The town is in the Urubamba Valley, while the reddish ruins are on higher ground.

There is strong energy in this valley. From Pisaq to Ollantaytambo, this 26 mile long valley housed the royalty of the Incas and was considered sacred by them. This valley is very fertile and was said to produce the finest corn (maize) in Inca times. Ruins line this valley where the Vilcanoca (Sacred) River runs through it.

Tiahuanaco, near the shores of Lake Titicaca, was the center of a powerful, self-sustaining empire in the southern Central Andes. The roots of the Tiahuanaco capital can be found in the early village underlying the 1.5-square-mile civic-ceremonial core. The city was settled by 400 B. C. on the Tiwanaku River, which empties into Lake Titicaca 9.3 miles to the north.

Inca Ruins Saqsaywaman - Located 2km from the city. Together with the city of Cusco, this monumental complex is considered the first of the new seven wonders of the world. This huge construction was planned and built by Andean Man. The Incas called it the House of the Sun and the Spaniards called it a fortress because of its zig-zag shape and the 1536 revolution.

Inca Ruins Q'enqo- The name means labyrinth or zigzag. Located 3km from Cusco, this temple dedicated to Mother Earth is a unique center of worship and for ceremonies. It has numerous ceremonial carvings, holes and canals cut into the rock. One of its features is a semi-natural underground chamber.

Departing from Cuenca, one heads toward the Inca Ruins of Ingapirca, the biggest archaeological Inca complex of Ecuador. This ruins, located just two hours away from Cuenca, date from the 15th and 16th Century.

Inca ruins Chavin de Huantar was built 3000 years ago by the Chavin culture, which is one of America's oldest civilizations. It features old stone structures with many chambers, ducts and extraordinary underground tunnels.

Ventanillas de Otuzco Ruins has been interpreted as a funerary complex because bone remains found in different areas of the compound. Burials containing individuals in flexed position are characteristic of the Cajamarca epoch and even before. The ceramic vessels associated to those burials indicate that the site was occupied since the Formative Period about 1130 B.C. until 1240 A.D. during the period of Regional States.





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