In 1847 Mayans from the Yucatan initiated an uprising that would be remembered as one of the greatest civil wars Mexico has ever experienced. Known as the War of the Castes (classes), this uprising caused a group composed of both Spanish Indians and Mayans who had been living in Valladolid to begin a journey two years later that would result in the permanent repopulation of Cozumel Island.
Ancient Mayan Ruins Cozumel-Developements
Cozumel itself was a sleepy little fishing community until 1961, when a Frenchman by the name of Jacques Cousteau declared it as one of the most beautiful scuba diving areas of the world. In addition to the spectacular open water diving, the region of Cozumel and Akumal are well-known for the underground rivers that honycomb the porous limestone of the Yucatan.
Cozumel Carnival is the oldest on the Yucatan Peninsula and perhaps in the whole country of Mexico. By oral history we know that in 1896 parades in Carnival dresses and costumes, the "Dance of the Ribbons", and the wooden bull "Huacax-ché" appeared.
In its new incantation as one of the world's most sought-after diving destinations, Cozumel has gone through something of a growth spurt. The islanders now number over 75,000. The submarine also gets you up close to the Chankanaab Reef, which is the second largest reef in the world.
Cozumel was also quite popular with pirates who, for nearly centuries, utilized the island's safe harbours and the Maya's temples as hiding spots for their treasure. The notorious Henry Morgan and Jean Lafitte were among the several pirates that frequented the island.
The depression of the 1930s affected Cozumel's economy badly until World War II, when a U.S. airbase was established there for the purpose of hunting U-boats. In 1961, the famous French explorer Jacques Cousteau brought fame to Cozumel waters by proclaiming it a scuba diving paradise.
Ancient Mayan Ruins Cozumel-Tourist Attractions
The popular tourist season in Cozumel is generally considered to be from December through March. The main reason that this is the season most enjoyed by tourists is that they can escape cold temperatures in other parts of the world and enjoy the warmth of Cozumel, which averages seventy degrees at night and eighty five degrees during the day.
Additionally, many people visit Cozumel for spiritual reasons associated with the Mayan culture; it is said that Cozumel was favoured by the Mayan Moon Goddess and many women believe that visiting Cozumel can help them with fertility problems.
It is no small wonder that today's Cozumel has evolved into a world class tourist destination. The rich history of its native people and culture, combined with the natural beauty which is evident in the pristine beaches, crystal clear azure seas, a vast variety of shopping alternatives as well as night time activities make this island paradise truly amazing.
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